Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the arteries of your lungs. It happens when the lung's tiny arteries narrow or become blocked. To keep blood flowing through these narrowed blood vessels, pressure increases in the arteries, which makes the lower right chamber (right ventricle) of your heart work harder. Eventually your heart begins to weaken and fail. Pulmonary hypertension can occur by itself, but it is often caused by an existing disease. It is a rare condition that mostly affects women in their 30s or 40s. Treatments can reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.
The most common symptom is shortness of breath, first when you exercise and later while at rest. Other symptoms are:
Sometimes there is no known cause. When that is the case, the condition is called idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. If another medical condition is causing the problem, it is called secondary pulmonary hypertension. Conditions that can lead to pulmonary hypertension include the following:
Your health care provider will give you a thorough examination and order laboratory tests to diagnose your condition. You may have an x-ray or electrocardiogram (ECG). Other tests may include an echocardiogram, heart catheterization, lung scan, computerized tomography (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
If your pulmonary hypertension is the result of another condition, that disease must be treated. You must avoid too much physical stress or exercise, although mild regular exercise may help reduce symptoms like shortness of breath. Ask your doctor to create an exercise plan for you. If your disease has progressed, your doctor may recommend you have a lung or heart lung transplantation.
Some treatments your health care provider may use include the following:
If you have pulmonary hypertension, you should be under a doctor' s care. Complementary and alternative therapies can be used with medical treatment, but only with your doctor's supervision. Do not use complementary and alternative therapies by themselves to treat pulmonary hypertension.
While none of these supplements specifically treats pulmonary hypertension, they can help heart health and function:
Herbs are generally a safe way to strengthen and tone the body's systems. As with any therapy, you should work with your health care provider to diagnose your problem before starting any treatment. You may use herbs as dried extracts (capsules, powders, teas), glycerites (glycerine extracts), or tinctures (alcohol extracts). Unless otherwise indicated, make teas with 1 tsp. herb per cup of hot water. Steep covered 5 - 10 minutes for leaf or flowers, and 10 - 20 minutes for roots. Drink 2 - 4 cups per day. You may use tinctures alone or in combination as noted.
Do not take these herbs without your doctor' s supervision. Many interact with each other and with other prescription medications, and can cause side effects. These herbs have not been studied specifically for pulmonary hypertension.
Homeopathy may be useful as a supportive therapy.
Castor oil pack. Apply oil to a clean, soft cloth, place on chest and cover with plastic wrap. Place a heat source over the pack and let sit for 30 - 60 minutes. Use for 3 consecutive days, take 1 - 2 days off, and then repeat 3-day cycle.
Contrast hydrotherapy. Alternate hot and cold applications to the chest. Alternate 3 minutes hot with 1 minute cold. Repeat three times to complete one set. Do two to three sets per day.
Steams. Using three to six drops of essential oils in a humidifier, vaporizer, atomizer, or warm bath may help reduce shortness of breath and improve circulation. Consider eucalyptus, rosemary, thyme, or lavender.
May help improve circulation.
Pulmonary hypertension is a progressive disease, meaning it gets worse over time. It' s important to work closely with your doctor to treat your symptoms and adjust your medication as needed.
For the most part, women who have primary pulmonary hypertension should not get pregnant because the condition is dangerous for both mother and baby.
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