Get answers to your Inflammatory Bowel Disease questions.
Ischemic colitis is a sudden swelling (inflammation) of part of the large intestine (colon) that occurs when there is a temporary loss of, or reduction in, blood flow to the colon.
Ischemic colitis mainly affects people over 50. Many of them have a history of peripheral vascular disease.
Other risk factors include:
Treatment for mild ischemic colitis often involves:
Severe ischemic colitis that leads to gangrene is treated with:
Most cases of ischemic colitis are mild and will improve on their own. They do not need surgical treatment.
The death rate is high when gangrene occurs because there is not enough blood supply.
Call your health care provider if you develop symptoms of ischemic colitis.
Being aware of your risk may allow early diagnosis and treatment. Absolute prevention may not be possible.
Hauser SC. Vascular diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 146.
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