Hepatocellular carcinoma - Overview
Primary liver cell carcinoma; Tumor - liver; Liver cancer; Cancer - liver
Definition of Hepatocellular carcinoma:
Hepatocellular carcinoma is cancer of the liver.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
Hepatocellular carcinoma accounts for most liver cancers. This type of cancer occurs more often in men than women. It is usually seen in people ages 50 - 60.
The disease is more common in parts of Africa and Asia than in North or South America and Europe.
Hepatocellular carcinoma is not the same as metastatic liver cancer, which starts in another organ (such as the breast or colon) and spreads to the liver.
In most cases, the cause of liver cancer is usually scarring of the liver (cirrhosis). Cirrhosis may be caused by:
Patients with hepatitis B or C are at risk for liver cancer, even if they do not have cirrhosis.
- Reviewed last on: 8/9/2009
- David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
National Cancer Institute. Adult primary liver cancer treatment PDQ. Updated May 22, 2009.
Roberts LR. Liver and biliary tract tumors. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 206.
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