Get answers to your GI cancer surgery questions.
Most carcinoid tumors have no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they may include:
Sometimes symptoms are brought on by physical exertion, or eating or drinking things such as blue cheeses, chocolate, or red wine.
Most of these tumors are found when tests or procedures are done for other reasons, such as during abdominal surgery.
A physical examination may show:
Tests may include:
Hande KR. Multiple-organ syndromes: Carcinoid syndrome. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 251.
Kulke MH. Clinical presentation and management of carcinoid tumors. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2007;21:433-455.
National Cancer Institute. Gastrointestinal carcinoid treatment PDQ. Updated May 16, 2008.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Clinical practice guidelines in oncology. Neuroendocrine tumors. v.2.2010.
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