Viral arthritis is swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the joints from a viral infection.
Arthritis may be a symptom of many virus-related illnesses. It usually disappears on its own without any lasting effects.
It may occur with:
It may also occur after immunization with the rubella vaccine. This is a common form of childhood joint discomfort.
While many people are infected with these viruses or receive the rubella vaccine, only a few people develop arthritis. No risk factors have been established.
Espinoza LR. Infections of bursae, joints, and bones. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 293.
Ohl CA. Infectious arthritis of native joints. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2009:chap 102.
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