Gonococcal arthritis - Overview
Disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI)
Definition of Gonococcal arthritis:
Gonococcal arthritis is inflammation of a joint (usually just one) due to a gonorrhea infection.
See also: Non-gonococcal bacterial arthritis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
Gonococcal arthritis is an infection of a joint. It occurs in people who have gonorrhea caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It affects women more often than men, and it is most common among sexually active adolescent girls.
Two forms of gonococcal arthritis exist:
- One involves skin rashes and many joints, usually large joints such as the knee, wrist, and ankle
- The second, less common form involves the spread of the bacteria through the blood (disseminated gonococcemia), which leads to infection of a single joint
- Reviewed last on: 6/9/2011
- Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Ohl CA. Infectious arthritis of native joints. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2009:chap 102.
Shrestha RK, Englund K. Infectious disease. In: Carey WD, ed. Cleveland Clinic: Current Clinical Medicine 2010. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:section 8.
Workowski KA, Berman S: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). SExually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. 2010. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010; 59(RR-12):1-110.
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