Xerostomia-Sjogren syndrome; Keratoconjunctivitis sicca - Sjogren; Sicca syndrome
The goal is to relieve symptoms.
Disease modifying drugs (DMARDs) similar to those used for rheumatoid arthritis may improve the symptoms of Sjogren syndrome. These include tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibiting drugs.
Sipping water throughout the day and chewing sugarless gum may help relieve mouth dryness. Avoid medicines that can cause mouth dryness such as antihistamines and decongestants. Avoid alcohol.
Talk with your dentist about:
Frequent brushing and flossing of the teeth, and regular dental visits may prevent severe dental cavities caused by dry mouth.
Arthritis symptoms are commonly treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and physical therapy.
The disease is usually not life-threatening. The outcome depends on what other diseases you have.
There is an increased risk of lymphoma.
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop symptoms of Sjogren syndrome.
Kruszka P, O'Brian RJ. Diagnosis and management of Sjogren syndrome. Am Fam Physician. 2009;79:465-470.
Wu AJ. Optimizing dry mouth treatment for individuals with Sjögren's syndrome. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2008 Nov;34(4):1001-10, x.
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