Swelling (edema) is the most common symptom. It may occur:
Other symptoms include:
The doctor will perform a physical exam. Laboratory tests will be done to see how well the kidneys are working. They include:
Fats are often also present in the urine. Blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels may increase.
Kidney biopsy may be needed .
Tests to rule out various causes may include the following:
This disease may also alter the results of the following tests:
In: Brenner BM, ed. Brenner: Brenner and Rector's the Kidney. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 30.
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