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Accelerated hypertension; Arteriolar nephrosclerosis; Nephrosclerosis - arteriolar; Hypertension - malignant; High blood pressure - malignant
Malignant hypertension is a medical emergency.
A physical exam commonly shows:
An eye examination will reveal changes that indicate high blood pressure, including:
Kidney failure, as well as other complications, may develop.
Tests to determine damage to the kidneys may include:
A chest x-ray may show congestion in the lung and an enlarged heart.
This disease may also affect the results of the following tests:
Badr KF, Brenner BM. Vascular injury to the kidney. In: Fauci A , Kasper D, Longo DL, et al, eds. Harrison's Principals of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill; 2008:chap 280.
Shayne P, Stettner E. Hypertension. In: Wolfson AB, Hendey GW, Ling LJ, et al, eds. Harwood-Nuss' Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009:chap 89.
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