Acute nephritic syndrome - Symptom
Glomerulonephritis - acute; Acute glomerulonephritis; Nephritis syndrome - acute
Common symptoms of nephritic syndrome are:
- Swelling of the face, eye socket, legs, arms, hands, feet, abdomen, or other areas
- Blood in the urine (urine appears dark, tea colored, or cloudy)
- Decreased urine volume (little or no urine may be produced)
Other symptoms that may occur include:
Patients may develop symptoms of acute kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease.
Signs and tests:
During an examination, your health care provider may find the following signs:
- High blood pressure
- Signs of fluid overload (when examining the abdomen)
- Enlarged liver
- Abnormal heart and lung sounds
- Enlarged neck veins from increased pressure
- General swelling
- Signs of acute kidney failure
Tests that may be done include:
A kidney biopsy will reveal inflammation of the glomeruli, which may indicate the cause.
Tests to determine the cause of acute nephritic syndrome may include:
- Reviewed last on: 8/12/2009
- Parul Patel, MD, Private practice specializing in Nephrology and Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Haymart MR, Atta MG. Glomerular disease. In: Nilsson KR Jr., Piccini JP, eds. The Osler Medical Handbook. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa:Saunders Elsevier;2006:chap 65.
Nachman PH, Jennette JC, Falk RJ. Primary glomerular disease. In: Brenner BM, ed. Brenner & Rector's The Kidney. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007:chap 30.
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