Most cases of acute prostatitis clear up completely with medication and slight changes to the diet and behavior.
Because it is possible for the infection to relapse, some health care providers recommend even longer courses of medication -- 6 to 8 weeks -- to get rid of the infection.
Stool softeners may reduce the discomfort that occurs with bowel movements.
Surgery, urinary catheterization, or cystoscopy are not recommended for patients with acute prostatitis.
After you finish antibiotic treatment, get examined by your health care provider to make sure the infection is gone.
Most men who are accurately diagnosed with acute prostatitis become symptom-free after treatment.
Patients who have had acute prostatitis may have the infection come back or develop chronic prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis or prostatic abscess can develop. Urinary retention may occur as the swollen prostate presses on (compresses) the urethra.
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of prostatitis.
Nickel JC. Inflammatory conditions of the male genitourinary tract: prostatitis and related conditions, orchitis, and epididymitis. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 9.
Barry MJ, McNaughton-Collins M. Benign prostate disease and prostatitis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 130.
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