Primary thrombocythemia - Symptom
Essential thrombocythemia; Essential thrombocytosis
- Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, urinary tract, or skin
- Bleeding from the gums
- Bleeding (prolonged) from surgical procedures or tooth removal
- Bloody stools
- Easy bruising
- Nosebleeds (epistaxis)
- Numbness of the hands or feet
- Ulcers on the fingers or toes
The condition may even cause strokes in some people.
Signs and tests:
This condition is often detected on blood tests done for other reasons, before there are any symptoms.
A physical exam may show an enlarged spleen or liver. There may be abnormal blood flow in the toes or feet, as well as skin damage caused by that abnormal blood flow.
Other tests may include:
- Reviewed last on: 2/28/2011
- David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Finazzi G, Xu M, Barbui T, Hoffman R. Essential thrombocythemia. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ Jr., Shattil SJ, et al, eds. Hoffman Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier;2008:chap 127.
Tefferi A. Myeloproliferative disorders: Essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007:chap 177.
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