Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) - Overview
CML; Chronic granulocytic leukemia; Leukemia - chronic granulocytic
Definition of Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML):
Chronic myelogenous leukemia is cancer that starts inside bone marrow, the soft tissue inside bones that helps form blood cells. The cancer grows from cells that produce white blood cells.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
CML most often occurs in middle-aged adults and in children.
It is usually associated with a chromosome abnormality called the Philadelphia chromosome.
Radiation exposure can increase your risk of developing CML. You may be exposed to radiation from:
- High-dose radiation treatments used in the past to treat thyroid cancer or Hodgkin' s lymphoma
- Nuclear disaster
It takes many years to develop leukemia from this cause. However, most people treated for cancer with radiation do not go on to develop leukemia, and most patients with CML have not been exposed to radiation.
- Reviewed last on: 2/28/2011
- David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Kantarjian H, O'Brien S. The chronic leukemias. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 195.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. National Comprehensive Cancer Network Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia. 2011. Version 2.2011.
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