Early symptomatic HIV infection - Symptom
AIDS-related complex - ARC; Chronic symptomatic HIV infection
- Diarrhea that persists
- Excessive sweating or night sweats
- Fatigue that persists
- Fever that persists
- General feeling of discomfort, illness, or lack of well-being
- Herpes zoster infections (shingles) that keep coming back
- Joint pain
- Mouth disorders
- Pain, loss of sensation, and inability to control muscles (peripheral neuropathy)
- Skin disorders
- Swollen lymph glands
- Weight loss
Signs and tests:
The patient may have signs of a bleeding disorder in which there aren't enough platelets in the blood (idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura).
In females, a Pap smear may reveal precancerous cells of the cervix.
The HIV ELISA/Western blot will be positive for HIV antibodies.
The following lab tests may be done to see how the immune system is working:
The amount of HIV can be measured in the blood. This test measures the genetic material of the virus called RNA (ribonucleic acid) and is often called the “viral load”.
- Reviewed last on: 12/1/2009
- David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Masur H, Healey L, Hadigan C. Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 412.
Sax PE, Walker BD. Immunopathogenesis of human immunodeficiency infection. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 408.
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