Cryptococcal meningitis is a fungal infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
Cryptococcal meningitis is caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. This fungus is found in soil around the world.
Cryptococcal meningitis most often affects people with a weakened immune system. Risk factors include:
In people with a normal immune system and no chronic illnesses, it is a rare condition.
Kauffman CA. Cryptococcosis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 357.
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