Surgery is usually necessary to remove sources of infection such as an infected bowel, inflamed appendix, or abscess.
General treatment includes:
The outcome depends on the underlying cause, the duration of symptoms before treatment, and the general health of the patient. Outcomes can range from complete recovery to overwhelming infection and death, depending on these factors.
Call your health care provider if you develop symptoms of peritonitis. This is a serious condition that typically requires emergency medical treatment.
Turnage RH, Richardson KA, Li BD, McDonald JC. Abdominal wall, umbilicus, peritoneum, mesenteries, omentum, and retroperitoneum. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 18th ed. St. Louis, Mo: WB Saunders; 2008:chap 43.
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