Temporal lobe epilepsy; Seizure disorder
Treatment for epilepsy may involve surgery or medication.
If epilepsy seizures are due to a tumor, abnormal blood vessels, or bleeding in the brain, surgery to treat these disorders may make the seizures stop.
Medication to prevent seizures, called anticonvulsants, may reduce the number of future seizures.
Epilepsy that does not get better after two or three anti-seizure drugs have been tried is called "medically refractory epilepsy."
Sometimes, children are placed on a special diet to help prevent seizures. The most popular one is the ketogenic diet. A diet low in carbohydrates, such as the Atkins diet, may also be helpful in some adults.
Lifestyle or medical changes can increase the risk for a seizure in a person with epilepsy. Talk with your doctor about:
See also: Seizures - first aid.
The stress caused by having epilepsy (or being a caretaker of someone with epilepsy) can often be helped by joining a support group. In these groups, members share common experiences and problems.
Some people with epilepsy may be able to reduce or even stop their anti-seizure medicines after having no seizures for several years. Certain types of childhood epilepsy go away or improve with age, usually in the late teens or 20s.
For many people, epilepsy is a lifelong condition. In these cases, the anti-seizure drugs need to be continued. There is a very low risk of sudden death with epilepsy. However, serious injury can occur if a seizure occurs during driving or when operating equipment.
Call your local emergency number (such as 911) if:
In the case of someone who has had seizures before, call 911 for any of these emergency situations:
Call your health care provider if any new symptoms occur, including possible side effects of medications (drowsiness, restlessness, confusion, sedation, or others), nausea or vomiting, rash, loss of hair, tremors or abnormal movements, or problems with coordination.
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