Meniere's disease - Symptom
Hydrops; Endolymphatic hydrops
Attacks or episodes of Meniere's disease often start without warning. They may occur daily, or as rarely as once a year. The severity of each episode can vary.
Severevertigo or dizziness is the symptom that causes the most problems. People who have vertigo feel as though they are spinning or moving, or that the world is spinning around them.
- Severe nausea, vomiting, and sweating often occur.
- Symptoms get worse with sudden movement.
- Often, the person will need to lie down.
- The dizziness and feeling of being off-balance will last from minutes to hours.
Hearing loss may occur. Usually the hearing loss is only in one ear, but it may affect both ears.
- A person's hearing tends to recover between attacks but gets worse over time
- Low frequency noises are lost first
- Roaring or ringing in the ear (tinnitus), as well as a sense of pressure in the ear are common
Other symptoms include:
Signs and tests:
A brain and nervous system (neurological) examination may show problems with hearing, balance, or eye movement.
A procedure called caloric stimulation tests eye reflexes by warming and cooling the inner ear with water. Abnormal results on this test can be a sign of Meniere's disease.
The following tests may also be done to distinguish Meniere's disease from other causes of vertigo:
- Reviewed last on: 8/3/2010
- Seth Schwartz, MD, MPH, Otolaryngologist, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Crane BT, Schessel DA, Nedzelski J, Minor LB. Peripheral vestibular disorders. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2010:chap 165.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the
diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be
consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all
medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not
constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997-
A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is
© 2011 University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). All rights reserved.
UMMC is a member of the University of Maryland Medical System,
22 S. Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. TDD: 1-800-735-2258 or 1.866.408.6885