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Glioblastoma multiforme - children; Ependymoma - children; Glioma - children; Astrocytoma - children; Medulloblastoma - children; Neuroglioma - children; Oligodendroglioma - children; Meningioma - children; Cancer - brain tumor (children)
Symptoms may be subtle and only gradually become worse, or they may occur very quickly.
Headaches are probably the most common symptom. Patterns that may occur with brain tumors include:
Patients with brain tumors may have a seizure. This may be the first symptom or sign.
Sometimes the only symptoms of brain tumors are mental changes, which may include:
Other possible symptoms are:
The health care provider will perform a physical exam. Infants may have the following physical signs:
The following tests may be used to detect a brain tumor and identify its location:
Buckner JC, Brown PD, O'Neill BP, Meyer FB, Wetmore CJ, Uhm JH. Central nervous system tumors. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007;82(10):1271-1286.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Central nervous system cancers. V.2.2009.
Wilne S, Koller K, Collier J, Kennedy C, Grundy R, Walker D. The diagnosis of brain tumours in children: a guideline to assist healthcare professionals in the assessment of children who may have a brain tumour. Arch Dis Child. 2010;95:534-539.
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