Get answers to your child's growth, nutrition, and feeding behavior questions.
Sometimes, no treatment is necessary. Antibiotics do not work against viral infections. Most medications do not help treat bronchiolitis.
Supportive therapy can include:
Children in the hospital may need oxygen therapy and fluids given through a vein (IV).
Rarely, antiviral medications such as ribavirin may be used to treat extremely ill children.
Usually, the symptoms get better within a week. Breathing difficulty usually gets better by the third day.
Call your health care provider immediately, or go to the emergency room if the child with bronchiolitis:
Watts KD, Goodman DM. Wheezing, bronchiolitis, and bronchitis. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 383.
American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on the Diagnosis and Management of Bronchiolitis. Diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis. Pediatrics. 2006;118:1774-1793.
© 2011 University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). All rights reserved.
UMMC is a member of the University of Maryland Medical System,
22 S. Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. TDD: 1-800-735-2258 or 1.866.408.6885