Get answers to your Head & Neck Cancer questions.
Cancer - mouth; Mouth cancer; Head and neck cancer; Squamous cell cancer - mouth
Oral cancer is cancer of the mouth.
Oral cancer most commonly involves the lips or the tongue. It may also occur on the:
Most oral cancers are a type called squamous cell carcinomas. These tend to spread quickly.
Smoking and other tobacco use are linked to most cases of oral cancer. Heavy alcohol use also increases your risk for oral cancer.
Other factors that may increase the risk for oral cancer include:
Men get oral cancer twice as often as women do, particularly men older than 40.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Head and Neck Cancers. National Comprehensive Cancer Network; 2009. Version 2.2009.
Posner M. Head and neck cancer. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 200.
Wein RO, Malone JP, Weber RS. Malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity. In: Flint PW, Haughey BH, Lund VJ, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. 5th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 96.
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