Mesenteric venous thrombosis is a blood clot in one or more of the major veins that drain blood from the intestine.
Mesenteric venous thrombosis is a clot that blocks blood flow in the mesenteric veins, one of two veins through which blood leaves the intestine. The condition interrupts the blood supply to the intestine and can result in damage to the intestines.
Mesenteric venous thrombosis has a variety of causes. Many of the diseases that lead to this condition cause swelling (inflammation) of the tissues surrounding the veins, including:
Patients who have disorders that make the blood more likely to stick together (clot) have a higher risk for mesenteric venous thrombosis.
Hauser SC. Vascular disease of the gastrointestinal tract. In Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 146.
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