Prune belly syndrome - Overview
Eagle-Barrett syndrome; Triad syndrome; Urethral obstruction malformation sequence
Definition of Prune belly syndrome:
Prune belly syndrome is a group of birth defects that involve three main problems:
- Poor development of the abdominal muscles, causing the skin of the belly area to wrinkle like a prune
- Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism)
- Urinary tract problems
Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
The causes of prune belly syndrome are unknown. The condition affects mostly boys.
While in the womb, the developing baby's abdomen swells with fluid. That fluid disappears after birth, leading to a wrinkled abdomen that looks like a prune. The appearance is more noticeable due to the lack of abdominal muscles.
- Reviewed last on: 10/14/2009
- Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Departments of Anatomy and Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA. Review Provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Caldamone AA, Woodard JR. Prune belly syndrome. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 118.
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