Get answers to your Testicular cancer questions.
Cancer - testes; Germ cell tumor; Seminoma testicular cancer; Nonseminoma testicular cancer
Treatment depends on the:
Once cancer is found, the first step is to determine the type of cancer cell by examining it under a microscope. The cells can be seminoma, nonseminoma, or both.
The next step is to determine how far the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. This is called "staging."
Three types of treatment can be used.
Joining a support group where members share common experiences and problems can often help the stress of illness. Your local branch of the American Cancer Society may have a support group. See:
Lance Armstrong, a famous cyclist, is a survivor of testicular cancer. His web site --
The National Cancer Institute website also provides further information:
Testicular cancer is one of the most treatable and curable cancers.
The survival rate for men with early-stage seminoma (the least aggressive type of testicular cancer) is greater than 95%. The disease-free survival rate for Stage II and III cancers is slightly lower, depending on the size of the tumor and when treatment is begun.
Testicular cancer may spread to other parts of the body. The most common sites include the:
Complications of surgery can include:
If you are of childbearing age, ask your doctor about methods to save your sperm for use at a later date.
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of testicular cancer.
Einhorn LH. Testicular cancer. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 210.
Screening for testicular cancer. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2011. Accessed April 2011.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Clinical practice guidelines in oncology. Testicular cancer. v.2.2011.
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