Mental retardation - Treatment
Intellectual and developmental disability
The primary goal of treatment is to develop the person's potential to the fullest. Special education and training may begin as early as infancy. This includes social skills to help the person function as normally as possible.
It is important for a specialist to evaluate the person for other affective disorders and treat those disorders. Behavioral approaches are important for people with mental retardation.
The outcome depends on:
- Other conditions
- Personal motivation
Many people lead productive lives and function on their own; others need a structured environment to be most successful.
Complications vary. They may include:
- Inability to care for self
- Inability to interact with others appropriately
- Social isolation
Calling your health care provider:
Call your health care provider if:
- You have any concerns about your child's development
- You notice that your child's motor or language skills are not developing normally
- Your child has other disorders that need treatment
- Reviewed last on: 5/1/2011
- Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Shapiro BK, Batshaw ML. Mental retardation (intellectual disability). In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007:chap 38.
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