Anorectal malformation repair; Perineal anoplasty; Anorectal anomaly; Anorectal plasty
Imperforate anus repair is surgery to correct a birth defect involving the rectum and anus.
An imperforate anus defect prevents most or all stool from passing out of the rectum.
See also: Imperforate anus
How this surgery is performed depends on the type of imperforate anus. The procedures are done under general anesthesia, which means the infant is asleep and feels no pain during the procedure.
For mild imperforate anus defects:
Two surgeries are often needed for more severe imperforate anus defects:
A major challenge for these repairs is finding, using, or creating nearby nerves and muscles so that the child can move the bowels normally.
The surgery repairs the defect so that stool can move through the rectum.
Klein MD, Thomas RP. Surgical conditions of the anus, rectum, and colon. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007:chap 341.
Warner BW. Pediatric surgery. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD, Eyers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery, 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 71.
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