Light-headedness - dizzy; Loss of balance; Vertigo
If you tend to get light-headed when you stand up:
If you have vertigo, the following tips can help prevent your symptoms from becoming worse:
Avoid activities such as driving, operating heavy machinery, and climbing until 1 week after your symptoms disappear. A sudden dizzy spell during these activities can be dangerous.
Call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to an emergency room if you are dizzy and have:
Call your doctor for an appointment if you have:
Your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your medical history and symptoms, including:
Tests that may be done include:
Your health care provider may prescribe medications to help you feel better, including:
Surgery may be needed if you have Meniere's disease.
If you have a cold, the flu, or other viral illness, drink plenty of fluids to prevent getting dehydrated.
Post RE, Dickerson LM. Dizziness: a diagnostic approach. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 15;82(4):361-8, 369.
Olshaker JS. Dizziness and vertigo. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 12.
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