The potassium urine test measures the amount of potassium in the urine.
This test may be done with a random urine sample or a 24-hour urine sample.
If a 24-hour urine sample is needed:
For an infant, thoroughly wash the area around the urethra. Open a urine collection bag (a plastic bag with an adhesive paper on one end), and place it on the infant. For males, place the entire penis in the bag and attach the adhesive to the skin. For females, place the bag over the labia. Diaper as usual over the secured bag.
This procedure may take a couple of attempts -- lively infants can move the bag, causing the urine to be absorbed by the diaper. Check the infant frequently and change the bag after the infant has urinated into it. Drain the urine from the bag into the container provided by your health care provider.
Deliver it to the laboratory or your health care provider as soon as possible upon completion.
If the collection is being taken from an infant, a couple of extra collection bags may be necessary.
Your health care provider may tell you to temporarily stop taking certain drugs that may affect test results. Drugs that can affect urine potassium measurements include:
This test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.
Your doctor may order this test if you have signs of a condition that affects body fluids. This may include dehydration, vomiting, or diarrhea.
It may also be done to diagnose or confirm disorders of the kidneys or adrenal glands.
Additional conditions under which the test may be performed include medullary cystic disease.
Bazari H. Approach to the patient with renal disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 115.
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