Apnea of prematurity - Overview
Apnea - newborns; AOP; As and Bs; Blue spell - newborns; Dusky spell - newborns; Spell - newborns
Definition of Apnea of prematurity:
Apnea is breathing that slows down or stops from any cause. Apnea of prematurity refers to short episodes of stopped breathing in babies who were born before they were due.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
There are several reasons why newborns, especially premature babies, may have apnea, including:
- Their brain is not fully developed
- The muscles that keep the airway open are weak
Other stresses in a sick or premature baby may worsen apnea, including:
- Feeding problems
- Heart or lung problems
- Low oxygen levels
- Temperature problems
- Reviewed last on: 11/2/2009
- Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pedatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Owens JA. Sleep medicine. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 18.
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