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IVH - newborn
Currently, there is no way to stop bleeding associated with IVH. The health care team will keep the infant as stable as possible, and treat symptoms as appropriate. For example, a blood transfusion may be given to improve blood pressure and blood count.
If swelling on the brain develops, a spinal tap may be done to relieve pressure. If this cannot be done, surgery may be needed to place a tube or shunt in the brain to drain fluid.
How well the infant does depends on the amount of bleeding and if there is brain swelling. Severe bleeding may lead to developmental delays and problems controlling movement.
Regular doctor's visits are recommended for several years after being diagnosed with an IVH. The doctor will check the child's developmental and make sure the bleeding has not damaged the brain.
Bassan H. Intracranial hemorrhage in the preterm infant: understanding it, preventing it. Clin Perinatol. 2009 Dec;36(4):737-62, v.
Ment LR. Practice parameter: neuroimaging of the neonate: report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society. Neurology. Jun 2002; 58(12): 1726-38.
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