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A small fistula that is not causing symptoms usually will not need treatment. Some small fistulas will close on their own. Often even if they do not close, they will never cause symptoms or need treatment.
Infants with a larger fistula will need to have surgery to close the abnormal connection. The surgeon closes the site with a patch or stitches.
Another treatment plugs up the opening without surgery, using a special wire (coil) that is inserted into the heart with a long, thin tube called a catheter. After the procedure, the fistula will usually close in children.
Children who have surgery usually do well, although a small percentage may need to have surgery again. Most people with this condition have a normal lifespan.
Complications are more common in older patients.
Coronary artery fistula is usually diagnosed during a doctor' s exam. Call your health care provider if your infant has symptoms of this condition.
Park MK. Park: Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby; 2008.
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