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Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery; ALCAPA; ALCAPA syndrome; Bland-White-Garland syndrome
Symptoms of anomalous left coronary artery in an infant include:
Symptoms can appear within the first 2 months of the baby's life.
ALCAPA can be diagnosed in an infant. However, this defect may not be diagnosed until someone is a child or adult.
Signs of ALCAPA include:
Tests for anomalous left coronary artery include:
Other Congenital Heart and Vascular Malformations. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, et al., eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007:chap 432.
Marelli AJ. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R. Goldman: Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 68.
Park MK. Park: Pediatric Cardiology for Practitioners, 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2008.
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