Percutaneous urinary procedures - Risks
Percutaneous nephrostomy; Percutaneous nephrostolithotomy; PCNL; Nephrolithotomy
Percutaneous nephrostomy and nephrostolithotomy are generally safe. Ask your doctor about these possible complications.
- Pieces of stone are left in your body. You may need more treatments.
- There is bleeding around your kidney.
- Your kidney(s) may not work as well, or they may stop working.
- Pieces of the stone may block urine flow from your kidney. This may cause very bad pain or damage to the kidney.
- Kidney infection may occur.
- Reviewed last on: 1/13/2011
- Louis S. Liou, MD, PhD, Chief of Urology, Cambridge Health Alliance, Visiting Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Lingeman JE, Matlaga BR, Evan AP. Surgical management of upper urinary tract calculi. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2007:chap 44.
Wen CC, Nakada SY. Treatment selection and outcomes: renal calculi. Urol Clin North Am. 2007;34(3):409-419.
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