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What is hypoparathyroidism?
Hypoparathyroidism is caused by underactive parathyroid glands. Underactive parathyroid glands produce too little parathyroid hormones, which in turn causes low levels of calcium in the blood stream.
The low levels of calcium lead to tetany, an increased excitability of the nerves.
Causes of parathyroidism include accidental removal of a parathyroid gland when the thyroid is removed, or when part of the parathyroid tissue is removed. Other causes include absent parathyroid glands from birth, or the sudden loss of function due to unknown causes.
What are symptoms of hypoparathyroidism?
The following are the most common symptoms of hypoparathyroidism. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of hypoparathyroidism may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Consult a physician for diagnosis.
How is hypoparathyroidism diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history and medical examination, diagnostic procedures for hypoparathyroidism may include blood tests to measure the parathyroid hormone levels.
Treatment for hyperparathyroidism:
Specific treatment for hypoparathyroidism will be determined by your physician based on:
Treatment may include an injection of calcium to provide immediate relief and/or taking calcium and vitamin D tablets for the rest of the patient's life.