The sensation of difficult swallowing (dysphagia) is a common complaint and can lead to significant morbitity including weight loss, malnutrition, and aspiration pneumonia. Dysphagia can stem from a multitude of causes including:
Swallowing disorders are best addressed step-wise and in a multidisciplinary fashion. Initially, a thorough medical evaluation and diagnostic work-up is instituted to determine the cause and contributing factors to the swallowing disorder.
These may include:
Once structural and functional defects are identified a treatment plan will be outlined which will include medical treatment, swallowing therapy, and if necessary surgical management.