Diuretics - thiazide diuretics
Sodium deficiency is rare because it's widely available in dietary sources. When it does occur, depleted levels have been associated with gas, nausea and vomiting, headache, memory impairment, diminished attention, muscle weakness, heart palpitations, lethargy, and confusion. Extreme cases can cause stupor, seizures, and possibly coma. The development of symptoms depends on the rate of sodium loss.Coenzyme Q10
A deficiency of the antioxidant coenzyme Q10 may be associated with long-term conditions such as heart disease and high blood pressure. Symptoms of deficiency include gingivitis and weakened immune function.Magnesium
Magnesium deficiency affects calcium and vitamin D levels in the body, and may be associated with muscle cramps, heart irregularities, high blood pressure, diabetes, and osteoporosis (bone loss). Research suggests that low levels of magnesium may also be associated with headaches.Potassium
Symptoms of deficiency include loss of appetite, nausea, drowsiness, feelings of apprehension, excessive thirst, irrational behavior, fatigue, and muscle pain and weakness (usually of the lower limbs). Severe cases may lead to irregular heartbeat.Zinc
Symptoms of zinc deficiency include loss of appetite or sense of taste, growth retardation, skin changes, and increased susceptibility to infection.
The information presented here covers some of the nutrients that may be affected when you take certain medications. If you have these signs and symptoms, it doesn't always mean you have low levels of these nutrients. Many things affect the level of nutrients, including your medical history, diet, and lifestyle, as well as how long you have been taking the medication. Please talk with your health care provider. He or she can best assess your health care needs and see if you are at risk for low levels of any nutrients.
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- Last reviewed on 9/21/2014
- Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD, Solutions Acupuncture, a private practice specializing in complementary and alternative medicine, Phoenix, AZ. Review provided by VeriMed HealthCare Network. Also reviewed by the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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