Maryland Heart Center
About the Heart
Diet and Cardiovascular Disease
What are the components of an "ideal diet"
Following is an outline created by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to help
us understand the components of an ideal, heart-healthy diet. It is constructed
as a pyramid to demonstrate a foundation of grains -- bread, cereal, rice and
pasta (which our bodies need the most of) -- with fats, oils and sweets at the
the peak of the pyramid, demonstrating our body's need for only limited quantities.
- Fats, oils and sweets - found at the top of the pyramid, should be eaten
- The ideal diet, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, also consists
of two to three daily servings of dairy products -- milk, yogurt and
cheese, and protein -- meat, poultry, fish, dried beans, eggs and nuts.
- Three to five daily servings of vegetables, and two to four servings of
fruit daily are recommended.
- Six to 11 servings of grains (i.e. bread, cereal, rice or pasta) should
be eaten each day.
This pyramid is merely a guideline - each individual has different nutritional requirements.
Consult your physician or registered dietitian for more specific diet recommendations.
Please call if you would like to make an
appointment or talk to someone about our services. Patients dial 1-866-408-6885, physicians dial 410-328-6622 or 1-800-318-1019.