Maryland Heart Center
Heart Health Information
Glossary of Heart-Related Terms
- Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (alternative name: Aneurysm - Aortic)
- Abnormal Heart Rhythms
(alternative name: Arrhythmias,
- Angina (alternative name: Angina Pectoris)
- Angina -Stable (other
name: Stable Angina)
- Angina -Unstable (other name: Unstable Angina)
- Angina - Variant (other name: Variant Angina)
- Angiography (Coronary)
- Aorta - the largest artery in the body and the primary blood vessel leading from the heart to the body.
- Aortic Dissection
- Aortic Insufficiency
- Aortic Stenosis
- Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease (Coronary artery disease; CHD; CAD)
- Atherosclerosis (Arteriosclerosis, hardening of the arteries)
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Artery - a blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to the body.
- Atrium - one of two upper chambers in the heart.
- Beta Blocker - an antihypertensive medication that limits the activity of epinephrine (hormone that increases blood
- Blood Clot
- Blood Pressure
- Capillaries - tiny blood vessels between arteries and veins that distribute oxygen-rich blood to the body.
- Cardiac - pertaining to the heart
- Cardiac Amyloid
- Cardiac Arrest - the sudden stopping of heart output and heartbeat.
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Cardiac Defibrillation
- Cardiac Tamponade
- Cardiogenic Shock
- Cardiology - the clinical study and practice of treating the heart.
- Cardiomyopathy - Alcoholic
- Cardiomyopathy -Dilated
- Cardiomyopathy - Hypertrophic
- Cardiomyopathy - Idiopathic
- Cardiomyopathy - Ischemic
- Cardiomyopathy - Peripartum
- Cardiomyopathy - Restrictive
- Cardiovascular - pertaining to the heart and blood vessel (circulatory) system.
- Cardiovascular Disorders
- Carotid Artery - the major arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain.
- Carotid Artery Occlusion Syndrome
- Chest Discomfort
- Chest Pain
- Circulatory System - pertaining to the heart and blood vessels, and the circulation of blood.
- Congenital Heart Disease
- Coronary Arteries - two arteries that come from the aorta to provide blood to the heart muscle.
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
- Coronary Heart Disease (Coronary artery disease;
Arteriosclerotic heart disease; CHD; CAD)
- Coronary Artery Spasm
- Coronary Heart Disease
- Defibrillator - an electronic device used to establish normal heartbeat.
- Diuretic - a medication that lowers blood pressure.
- Doppler Ultrasound
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Electrophysiological Study (EPS) - a cardiac catheterization to study electrical current in patients who have arrhythmias.
- Enlarged Heart - a condition of the heart in which it is abnormally larger than normal.
- Heart (Diagram)
- Heart Attack
- Heart Bypass Surgery
- Heart Disease
- Heart Failure
- Heart Murmurs And Other Sounds
- Heart Valve Pulmonary Stenosis
- Heart Valve Surgery
- Holter Monitor
- Ischemia - decreased flow of oxygenated blood to an organ due to obstruction in an artery.
- Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
- Marfan Syndrome
- Mitral Valve - the valve that controls blood flow between the left atrium and left ventricle in the heart.
- Mitral Valve Prolapse - a bulge in the valve between
the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart that causes backward flow of blood into the atrium.
- Mitral Valve Stenosis
- Myocardial Infarction
- Stable Angina
- Stress Tests
- Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
- Tilt Table Tests - a test performed while the patient is connected to ECG and blood pressure monitors and strapped to a table that tilts. This test is to determine if the patient is prone to sudden drops in blood pressure or slow pulse rates.
- Ultrasound - a diagnostic tool used to get a picture of the heart or other structures within the body.
- Unstable Angina
- Valves - the heart valves are tricuspid, pulmonic, mitral, and aortic. They are the "doors" between the chambers of the
- Valve Replacement
- Valvular Diseases (aortic stenosis, is mitral valve stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, endocarditis)
- Variant Angina
- Valvuloplasty - a non-surgical procedure performed to open narrowed heart valves. During the procedure, a catheter is guided
through the heart and positioned through the diseased heart valve. Balloons on the catheter are inflated, enlarging the opening through the valve and improving blood flow through the heart and to the rest of the body. This allows the heart to pump more effectively, reduces pressure in the heart and lungs, and reduces symptoms.
- Vein - a blood vessel that carries blood from the body back into the heart.
- Ventricle - one of the two lower chambers of the heart.
- Ventricular Fibrillation - a condition in which the ventricles contract in rapid and unsynchronized rhythms and cannot pump
blood into the body.
- Ventricular Tachycardia
- Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
Please call if you would like to make an
appointment or talk to someone about our services. Patients dial 1-866-408-6885, physicians dial 410-328-6622 or 1-800-318-1019.