Maryland Heart Center
What is a Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm?
What is a Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm? | Symptoms
| Diagnosis and Prevention | Surgical
The majority of patients have no symptoms at the time an aneurysm
is discovered. In fact, aneurysms are often detected on tests that were
performed for entirely different reasons.
develop slowly over many years and often have no symptoms until they rupture.
If the aneurysm expands rapidly, tears open (ruptured aneurysm), or blood
leaks along the wall of the vessel (aortic
dissection), the above symptoms may develop suddenly.
Acute symptoms of dissection or rupture can include chest or back pain (between
the shoulders, or lower back). Any sudden onset of chest pain should warrant
immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of rupture may include:
- Pain in the chest or back
- Severe, sudden, persistent or constant pain
- Pain may begin suddenly
- Pain in the upper, mid or lower back
- Severe, sudden, persistent, may radiate
- Rapid pulse
- Dry skin/mouth
- Excessive thirst
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fainting occurs with upright posture
- Sweating, excessive
- Skin, clammy
- Fatigue (tiredness or weariness) developing recently
- Heartbeat sensations
- Rapid heart rate (tachycardia) when rising to standing position
- Impaired ability to concentrate
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