An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of narcolepsy.
Nearly 98% of patients with narcolepsy and cataplexy test positive for specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) subtypes, particularly HLA-DQB1*0602. This antigen is found in just 20% of the general population.
Having a family member with narcolepsy presents a 20 to 40 times higher risk of developing the condition compared to the general population.
Drug Treatments for Narcolepsy
Sleep regulation is a complex process and there is no single chemical responsible. The two main drug treatments for narcolepsy are:
These medications should be used with caution and are not safe during pregnancy. Modafinil comes with potentially rare side effects and Sodium oxybate poses high abuse potential.
Lifestyle Strategies for Managing Narcolepsy
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