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Dysmenorrhea; Menorrhagia; Amenorrhea; Cramps; Heavy menstrual bleeding
Abnormal uterine bleeding may occur as infrequent episodes, excessive flow, prolonged duration of menses, or bleeding between menses.
Examples of abnormal bleeding include:
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB). DUB is a general term for abnormal uterine bleeding that usually refers to extra or excessive bleeding caused by hormonal problems. DUB usually occurs either when girls begin to menstruate or when women approach menopause, but it can occur at any time during a woman's reproductive life.
Other Causes of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Abnormal uterine bleeding may also be related to other causes unrelated to the natural cycle or ovulation:
Normal causes of skipped or irregular periods include pregnancy, breast-feeding, hormonal contraception, and perimenopause. Skipped periods are also common during adolescence, when it may take a while before ovulation occurs regularly. Consistently absent periods may be due to the following factors:
Other Medical Conditions. Epilepsy, thyroid problems, celiac sprue, metabolic syndrome, and Cushing's disease are associated with amenorrhea.
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