Nervous System Overview

The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions:

  • Three Girls SmilingCentral nervous system - the brain and spinal cord

  • Peripheral nervous system - all other neural elements

In addition to the brain and spinal cord, principal organs of the nervous system are the:

  • Eyes
  • Ears
  • Tasting sensory organs
  • Smelling sensory organs
  • Sensory receptors in skin, joints, muscles and other parts of the body

The nervous system is vulnerable to various neurological disorders. Because of its complexity and the high technology used in evaluation and treatment of its disorders, the branches of medicine, physician specialists and clinical services that manage it are as numerous and varied as the disorders and conditions.

We provide comprehensive care for people who suffer from clinical conditions of the nervous system. From headaches to epilepsy, brain tumors to spine conditions, or Parkinson's disease to strokes, our neurology, neurosurgery, and rehabilitation medicine programs offer the latest options in care to our patients.

For more information about the University of Maryland Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, or to make an appointment, call the University Physicians Consultation and Referral Service at 1-800-492-5538 (patients) or 1-800-373-4111 (physicians).