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In cases of congenital hip dysplasia, a child is born with an unstable hip. Diagnosed early in childhood it is a result of the hip not properly forming in-utero resulting in the ball of the hip socket not fitting securely. Children may actually have different length of their legs or limited range of motion. They may also have difficulty learning to walk or crawl. Children diagnosed early often through a physician exam can often be treated with bracing. Some children benefit from surgery.
Usually in children, if bracing is not effective, surgery known as an osteotomy is performed where the surgeon cuts the bones around the hip socket and reorients the hip socket to a more favorable position.
Adults may also present with hip dysplasia of lesser degree. Some adults benefit from conservative treatments, while others benefit from the osteotomy surgery where the hip socket is reoriented to a better position. In adults with hip dysplasia, this reduces their pain and makes them less likely to need a later hip replacement.
Physicians who treat hip dysplasia:
Patients younger than 18 years: Joshua Abzug, MD
Patients older than 18 years: Farshad Adib, MD; Ted Manson, MD; Jason Nascone, MD