Prostate Enlargement (BPH)
The large majority of men (approximately 90%) develop some degree of prostate enlargement as they age. The process begins microscopically when men are in their 40's but significant enlargement generally does not occur until men are over the age of 50. When the prostate enlarges, it can cause partial, and at times complete, obstruction of the bladder leading to difficulty urinating. Most men develop urinary symptoms when the bladder outlet obstruction becomes significant. The most common symptoms are frequent urination, night time urination, incomplete bladder emptying, a weak urinary stream, difficulty starting the stream, an intermittent or dribbling stream, difficulty controlling/holding the urine and, if the obstruction becomes severe, urinary retention or inability to urinate.
The majority of men with mild urinary symptoms do not require active treatment and can be evaluated annually with prostate examination and blood testing. However, in men with more severe or bothersome urinary symptoms, treatment is often necessary.
Treatment options for BPH include:
The above mentioned treatment options are all available at the Maryland Prostate Center. For an individual patient, one option may be better than the others. Urologists at the Maryland Prostate Center recommend treatment option(s) which are most likely to benefit the individual patient while minimizing risks and side effects.
For More Information
Please click here to read Dr. Naslund's paper on Natural History and Treatment Options for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).
Do you have Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
The University of Maryland Prostate Center is conducting a research study on BPH. One-on-one interviews will be conducted to discuss patient options about various BPH health states. Volunteers will be compensated for their time. For more information please call 410-328-7742.
If you would like to make an appointment or talk to someone about our services, please call 410-328-0800.