Glándulas endocrinas

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Las glándulas endocrinas liberan (secretan) hormonas en el torrente sanguíneo.

Las glándulas endocrinas abarcan: 

  • Las glándulas suprarrenales
  • El hipotálamo
  • Los islotes de Langerhans en el páncreas
  • Los ovarios
  • Las glándulas paratiroides
  • La glándula pineal
  • La hipófisis
  • Los testículos
  • La glándula tiroides 
Sistema endocrino


La hipersecreción se presenta cuando se secretan demasiadas hormonas de una glándula, mientras que la hiposecreción sucede cuando se secretan muy pocas hormonas.

Hay muchos trastornos diferentes que se pueden presentar cuando se secreta demasiada o muy poca cantidad de una hormona.

Los trastornos que se pueden presentar cuando una glándula particular no produce la cantidad correcta de hormonas abarcan:

Glándulas suprarrenales: 

Testículos y ovarios: 
  • Falta de desarrollo sexual (genitales ambiguos) 


Kronenberg HM, Melmed S, Larsen PR, Polonsky KS. Principles of endocrinology. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 1.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 4/13/2013
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

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